An electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the only and speediest tests utilized to survey the heart. Anodes (small, plastic patches that stick to the skin) are set at certain spots on the chest, arms, and legs. The cathodes are attached to an ECG machine by lead wires. The electrical activity of the heart is at that point measured, deciphered, and printed out. No power is sent into the body.

Common electrical inspirations organize compressions of the unmistakable parts of the heart to keep blood streaming the way it needs to. An ECG records these motivations to see how fast the heart is beating, the beat of the heart beats (relentless or scattered), and the quality and timing of the electrical motivations as they move through the particular parts of the heart. Changes in an ECG can be a sign of various heart-related conditions. In any case, not all ECGs are the same.

 

What are the types of Electrocardiograms?

Nowadays, specialists utilize different types of electrocardiograms to provide point by point data approximately a patient’s heart wellbeing. Following are the three most common types of ECG tests in Nagpur.

Resting electrocardiogram

This is often the foremost common type of electrocardiogram and the most effortless to perform. It is done when the individual is still, hence the name resting ECG. This is often, as a rule, done as part of a schedule checkup to detect heart issues before any signs or indications show up. Your heart’s electrical action is recorded from 12 electrodes on your chest, arms, and legs at the same time.

 Patients are required to lie down or sit down for 5-10 minutes for the test. The results often reflect your heart at rest. Since of the number of cathodes utilized, it is additionally known as a 12-lead ECG at rest.

Stress electrocardiogram

A work out electrocardiogram, too known as a treadmill test or push test, is performed on patients whereas strolling on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike. Work out escalated slowly and expanded whereas breathing rate and blood pressure are observed. This test is done to distinguish any coronary heart illness or to decide a secure level of work out for patients after a heart assault or heart surgery. Patients are frequently inquired to quickly and not take certain drugs for this test to yield clear and impartial results. This guarantees that the machine registers the heart without any impedances.

Holter screen

A Holter screen or ambulatory electrocardiogram is a sort of electrocardiogram utilized to persistently screen electrocardiographic checking over a period of 24 hours or more.Little plastic cushions or electrodes are connected to particular regions. The electrical action is at that point observed, measured, and printed out for afterward reference by the specialist. The cathodes are hooked up to a little, convenient machine strapped to your belt, permitting you to monitor your heart rate at home for a day or more.

 

What is an Echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram (echo) may be a graphic diagram of your heart’s improvement. Amid an echo test, your healthcare supplier employs ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) from a hand-held wand set on your chest to require pictures of your heart’s valves and chambers. This makes a difference when the provider tests the pumping movement of your heart.

 

How is an ECG done?

There are a few ways to perform an ECG. More often than not, the test includes joining a few little, sticky sensors called anodes to your arms, legs, and chest. They are associated by wire to the ECG recorder.

You have not got to do anything extraordinary to plan for the normal ecg test in Nagpur. You can eat and drink as usual. Some time recently when connecting the cathodes, you may more often than not have to evacuate your upper clothing and may have to shave or clean your breasts. Once the anodes are in place, a clinic outfit may be given to cover you.

 The check-up itself more often than not takes a couple of minutes, and you’ll be able to go home right after or go back to the ward in case you’re as of now hospitalized.

 

Calculate heart rate from ECG

The standard Electrocardiogram(ECG) paper permits an unpleasant assessment of the heart rate (HR) from the ECG recording. Each moment of time is spoken to by 250 mm (5 huge squares) along the horizontal axis. So, in the event that the number of expansive squares between each QRS complex is:

5 – Heart rate is 60 beats per miniature.

3 – HR is 100 per diminutive.

2 – HR is 150 per miniature.

If you are facing any problem with your heart and you stay in Nagpur, you should straightaway refer to Dr. Chetan Rathi, the best Cardiologist in Nagpur.

Types of Waves in ECG

The ECG shows various waves:

P wave

Depicts the electrical activity of the atria (upper chambers) as they contract

QRS complex

Represents the electrical activity of the ventricles (lower chambers) as they contract

T wave

Shows the electrical recovery of the ventricles as they prepare for the next contraction

Limitations Of ECG Test

  • ECGs may not always accurately diagnose certain heart conditions.
  • Additional imaging or stress tests might be required for a comprehensive evaluation.
  • Some variations in ECG readings may not indicate a problem.

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2D Echo

A two-dimensional Echocardiogram or 2D Echo test is a demonstrative test that employs ultrasound waves to evaluate the working of the heart.

Holter Monitoring

Holter monitoring measures your heart activity over an extended period, usually between 24 and 48 hours. Basically, a Holter Monitoring is a portable device which records the heart’s electrical signals.

BP Monitoring

Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into your arteries. A blood pressure measurement may be a test that measures the force (pressure) in your arteries as your heart pumps.

Coronary Angiography

Coronary angiography diagnoses and evaluates coronary artery blockages. Contrast dye is injected into arteries, enabling X-ray imaging to visualize blood flow and identify narrowing or blockages.

Coronary Angioplasty

Coronary angioplasty is a minimally invasive technique of abdominal artery angioplasty, which is used to treat coronary arteries that are obstructed or constricted and it is the most appropriate technique used by doctors for the treatment.

Electrophysiology Study

An Electrophysiology Study (EP study) is a test utilized to assess the heart’s electrical framework and check for abnormal heart rhythms. The natural electrical impulses coordinate the contractions of different parts of the heart.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive medical procedure that uses high-frequency electrical currents to generate heat, effectively destroying abnormal tissue or cells.

Pacemaker Implantation

Pacemakers are medical devices designed to support and regulate the electrical system of the heart, ensuring it functions properly. This medical procedure entails the insertion of a small device into the chest region.

ICD Implantation

An Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) is a life-saving device that plays a crucial role in monitoring and regulating heart rhythms. It consists of a pulse generator and leads implanted in the heart.

CRT_P & CRT-D Implantation

CRT implantation is a process in which technological instruments known as CRT-P and CRT-D where p stands for pacemaker and d stands for defibrillator.

Valvuloplasty

A balloon mitral valvuloplasty is a process to extend a restricted heart valve and improve blood flow. The heart valves handle how blood drives through the heart.

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FAQ's for ECG Test in Nagpur

An electrocardiogram (ECG) may be a simple test that can be utilized to check your heart rate and electrical movement. Skin-mounted sensors are utilized to identify the electrical signals generated by your heart with each beat.

In case the test is ordinary, it will appear that your heart is beating at a steady rate of 60 to 100 beats per miniature. Numerous diverse heart conditions can appear on an electrocardiogram, counting a quick, moderate, or sporadic heartbeat, heart defects, coronary supply route illness, valvular heart illness, or a broadened heart.

A healthcare provider may use an electrocardiogram to recognize or distinguish: Unpredictable pulse (arrhythmia) On the off chance that blocked or contracted supply routes within the heart (coronary course infection) cause chest pain or a heart assault. If you have ever had a heart assault.

Numerous different heart conditions can appear on an electrocardiogram, counting a quick, moderate, or unpredictable pulse, heart abandons, coronary course infection, valvular heart infection, or an extended heart. An anomalous ecg procedure can also be a sign that you’ve had a heart attack some time recently or are at risk of having one within the close future.

An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a safe, non-invasive, painless, and risk-free test. The cathodes (stickers) that interface the sensors to your chest don’t cause electrical stuns. You will encounter a mellow hasty or skin disturbance where the cathodes were joined as suggested by the ECG clinics in Nagpur. An electrocardiogram could be an exceptionally secure test. It does not send electrical current to the body. A few individuals may be unfavorably susceptible or delicate to the cement used to stick the cathodes to the skin. This can cause mellow tingling and redness of the skin, which as a rule goes absent on its own and does not require treatment.